§The terms Hispano and Hispanic are different. Hispano is a more open term that makes reference to all countries, including Spain, where the Spaniard language and culture are notable.
§Hispano and Hispanic derived from Spain, which derives from Hispania. According to the Spaniard Royal Academy, Hispanic refers to those inhabitants of the old Roman Hispania (inhabitants of iberica peninsula) and citizens of Hispano-American countries, including Spain and Spanish speakers in America, Africa, Asia, and those inhabitants in the United States who come from some of those countries.
§Hispanoamérica is a term mostly used by the Spaniards. Latin America or América Latina is mostly used among the Hispano American countries. These terms are not synonym.
§Latin Americans are Americans as they belong to the American continent.
§Since 1970, the US National Census uses the term Hispanic for any person of Cuban, Puerto Rican, South or Central American descent, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race. The Census gives importance to the identification of a person with the Hispanic culture regardless of the race, descent, and ethnicity.
Latin American Culture
What is culture?
- A simple definition of culture refers to all that express the way people live within a society or group. This includes the cosmovision of that people.
- From the perspective of cultural psychology, culture is the set of interrelated values, tools, and practices shared by a group of people who have a sense of common social identity. The cultural world views involve several psychological processes such as cognitive and personality. It is said that psychosocial processes are strongly influenced by them.
- Horton and Hunt defines culture as everything socially shared and learned by the members of a society. From the perspective of social sciences culture is learned, social, shared, transmitted, continuous, integrated, new cultural traits are added, is changing and varied from one society to another. (Farook, 2011).
How Latin American Culture is defined?
- Latin American culture is the formal or informal expression of the people of Latin America and includes both high culture (literature, art) and popular culture (music, art, dance) as well as religion and other customary practices.
- Diversity is a characteristic. Therefore, it is right the reference to Latin American cultures.
- Many cultural influences, such as:
- Pre-Columbian cultures which remain intact among indigenous communities such as the Quechua, Maya, Aymara, in Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, and Paraguay.
- Spanish and Portuguese cultures because of the history of Colonization (Spain, Portugal, and UK).
- The culture of Africa because of the history of slavery in several countries during the colonization period. These influences are notable in dance, religion, music, and cuisine of Cuba, Brazil, Dominican Republic, and coastal Colombia and Nicaragua.
- Immigration in the XIX and XX centuries from several European countries changed some countries such as Argentina, Uruguay, and Brazil. There was also Chinese, Japanese, Lebanese and Filipino immigration that influenced the culture of some Latin American countries.
- Diversity of cultures and ethnicity.
- The presence of several indigenous communities with their own languages, beliefs, practices in several countries, including Nicaragua.
- Rich literature, poetry and music.
- Music, dance, art, cuisine.
- Many are religious, catholic celebrations
- Popular traditions, such as piñatas and 15 birthday parties or songs exist in many countries, including Nicaragua.
- Güegüense, theater and dance from Nicaragua. This master piece was acknowledged as an intangible heritage of humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization since November 25th, 2005.
Find out more about Cultural Connection Week and view other people’s posts about their cultures here.