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Cultural Connection Week - Greece, Europe

  • 1 May 2019
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Cultural Connection Week - Greece, Europe


Greetings to all members of the community and participants in the Cultural Connection Week, I am delighted to show a bit of my country's culture in relation to it on a topic as hot and timely as the consequences of so-called "globalization" for cultural particularities of peoples and so-called cultural "identities".

Throughout the Greek Enlightenment, from the middle of the 18th century, Western Europe had recruited for a portion of Greeks, valued in terms of the economic and intellectual weight they had, the character of the ideal.

Links with the central empires were developed, while new ideas, such as belief in the power of good reason, in the spirit of liberty and the goods of education, were transferred to Greek space through the merchants and Greek communities.

The French book, which largely represented the whole of European education, entered the Greek home.

The reactions created by this movement took the form of defending the Greek tradition (orthodoxy and popular culture), while at the same time tightening the ties with the Balkans and Russia.
This is a crossroads and at the same time a competition that directly influenced the formation of the modern Greek cultural identity.

The concepts of tradition and innovation are in principle opposed, as the first is linked to the preservation and the second to the change. However, in the field of folk culture, these two concepts have acquired some conceptual nuances that tend to lead to convergence rather than their deviation. This is because popular culture is a historically defined and evolving - with its own rhythms - reality, which is determined by a variety of historical, economic, social and cultural factors, so it can be renewed and differentiated when circumstances allow.



The fact that tradition is not immovable and in the long established means that it is also part of the innovation, to a certain extent. Indeed, in modern forms of folk tradition, even in aspects that are difficult to change or differentiate, such as popular religiosity, we see the creation and adoption of modern cultural elements that create the phenomenon of modern Greek religious folklore, in which the religious folklore devotes much of its research attention and action.

Moreover, modern or modern folklore is an important and evolving branch of the general science of folklore, which focuses mainly on urban cultural environments, whether within the poles or as they have created throughout the country, through the cultural impact that television and the various online media and social networking means are exercising daily on the Greek people. And this is a fact that is also found in the rest of the world.

Consequently, the notion of cultural identity can not be related to the cultural immobility and the almost ritual repetition of customary or other forms of everyday life of the past. The Greek cultural identity is something dynamic and ever-enriched, but it is accompanied by certain basic values ​​and ideas, by specific ways of life and collective or family action, the preservation of our traditional many or whose inevitability is deeply loyal and solid knowledge of our Greek Orthodox identity, then we can resist anything that threatens to alienate us from the deeper concept of Greek tradition without, however, ending up with cultural expressions of stereotype tell or fossilized.

The term "globalization" now tends to prevail in our language and become a technical term of translation of globalization - mondialisation, a new term in which the phenomenon of creating a global community at the level of the economy in particular, with the inevitable but prominence in politics , but also in culture.


Regardless of the question whether the term of this term in Greek is apt or not - the terminology in the history of the language is almost never formulated according to the linguistic rules - the reality it declares can not be attributed to the term "globality" , nor with the term "ecumenism", as is attempted by many.


The phenomenon we want to describe with the term "globalization" differs radically from what the terms "universality" and "ecumenism" mean, and it would not benefit in any way - it would eventually create confusion and dangerous escape from the problem - to replace the term "globalization" on these terms.

Both globality and ecumenism are fundamental existential qualities: they state ways in which man has a history. It is inconceivable to have a person without these qualities.

Globalization, however, is a newer historical phenomenon, a conscious construction, a constructed historical structure, according to some contemporary myth, an ideology, which perhaps makes this Greek term a success with its second synthesis (poetry).

"Globalization" is an artificial world, a deformed universality. This is a typical case of "imaginative establishment of society", to recall the expression of Cornelius Castoriadis. As such, we must deal with it in relation to the issue of culture as well.

In order to properly understand globalization and its implications in the field of culture, we must go back to the historical roots that directly or indirectly produced it.

Let's get to ours. How can it be said that globalization threatens the cultural and identity of a country like Greece with a very large cultural heritage in all the modern world?

What is our cultural identity, which is in danger of globalization?


Defining one's cultural identity in a generation of instant gratification, illogical racism, and influence from the media filled with ethnocentrism isn't particularly easy. How do we define who we are when we live in a world which wants to take clues from our physical characteristics, accents, and dress and create an identity for us before we ever get a chance to? When do I get to be my own version of me?

As the child of Pakistani immigrants to a small city in Idaho, Mashaal has had a front row seat to society's rush to judgment. She is a
KISU FM Radio Host and Student at Idaho State University.

Let's look at this issue in depth and with care.

In recent years there has been much talk about Greekity, the particular cultural identity of the Greeks.
But what does this identity consist of?

a) The language.

Indeed, language is a constituent element of every cultural identity. How does globalization threaten it? Surely not by replacing it with the Latin alphabet or its abolition. Such threats only exist in the thought of frightened or biased / human beings.


If the language is threatened by something, this is the spirit of usability, which we mentioned above. This implies two things: firstly, the simplification and narrowing of the vocabulary to the minimum, which effectively serves production, shows the lexpenia, the abolition of tones and spirits, etc., and secondly, its downgrading to a second fate in relation to a foreign language that is more useful in the global community.

We turn back to the basic cultural components of globalization. If our people have accepted the components of usability of knowledge, productivity priority, etc., then his or her language will be fatally affected.

The problem, therefore, is not essentially what will be done with language, but what will be done by accepting or not the cultural principle of usability with regard to all elements of culture, including language.

b) National sovereignty.

A crucial problem that will arise in the context of globalization is the fate of the nation-state. At this point things are somewhat complicated. Is the concept of nation-state a constituent element of a cultural identity, something similar to language? History and modern reality do not confirm this.
In Byzantium, for example, there is a single cultural identity, despite the fact that several nations are housed in the same state. During the Ottoman domination, our genus maintains and develops its particular cultural identity without having its own state identity.

Even today, the Hellenism of the diaspora maintains equal, if not more, with the Greeks of metropolitan Greece its particular cultural identity. The notion of nation-state is to some extent the same as globalization, which now tends to abolish it, an artificial construct of the same cultural mentality that gave birth to nationalism in the 18th-19th century and which is now generating globalization.


Now, therefore, that nation-states are increasingly called upon to grant their sovereignty, to open their borders, to allow foreigners to settle on their land, with the inevitable consequence of demographic alteration, Hellenism as a cultural identity should clearly separated from the Greek, and not confused or identifiable with him.

If we do not want globalization to smash our national identity, we must do this separation and develop Hellenism as a cultural identity that will not depend its survival on the fate of the nation-state.

c) Religion.

A key issue is religion in the process of globalization.

It is no coincidence that in the famous theory of clash of cultures, the theorist of the theory separates cultures essentially on the basis of religion. It is a dangerous ostrich that the tendency of many politicians to underestimate the role of religion in the life of a nation.

Religion has shaped and continues to shape, directly or indirectly, cultural identities. The problem today is whether the role of religion in shaping cultural identities can continue, and how, in the context of globalization. Experience of the past, in which religion was used to divide or oppress, instead of uniting and liberating people, leads to the tendency to discolor, the more culture is made of religion. This is not only unrealistic but also damaging.



Because religion by its nature can contribute to the development of a healthy globality, free from the distortions of globalization. Particularly this applies to Orthodoxy, which in the sense of the person can point to a world that respects the difference and the otherness that does not fear the "other", however different, even to his religion , but he will embrace him as a brother.

Such an Orthodoxy, which will be "true in love," according to Paul's phrase, and not into a zealous intolerance that will not identify its being with a national or state entity, but will sap the culture in the spirit of love and freedom, is not only tolerable but also essential in the era of globalization.
Unfortunately, Orthodoxy today is hampered by its cultural role by various endogenous, at most, factors. One such factor is the structure and structure of autonomous churches based on the notion of nation-state.

This often means that the Church gives priority to its national identity and not to its universality. It is thus in danger of getting caught up with the nation-state in the whirl of globalization. Another factor inhibiting its cultural contribution is the weakness, which usually demonstrates, to find the golden intersection between secularization and its participation in historical development.

Many times the Orthodox Church attempts to influence history by passing through secular methods, copying or even competing with political and economic power, with the risk of secaching its message and making it obsolete for ephemeral publicity. Again, she retires in her prayer cell and ignores the problems that plague man, refusing to produce culture. Both these trends are highly detrimental in the era of globalization.


Orthodoxy has always created culture, but it did not identify with ephemeral secular powers but with eternal spiritual principles and interested in the penetration of these principles into culture.

Such fundamental and fundamental spiritual principles are the love, freedom, integrity and uniqueness of each human person, sanctity and respect for the body and the natural creation of the god, and all that is related to them expressing the culture of a people.



In particular, the Orthodox Church has a duty today to take a stand on the dangers of globalization for humanity If this is true, then globalization may provide the framework for a creative encounter of cultural identities, from which a global culture will not emerge, but an osmosis of cultures, from which all cultural identities will benefit. This has always happened in history. In the age of globalization, therefore, it would be a mistake to overthrow cultural identities or rivalry between them and blessing their coexistence and osmosis. From this osmosis, no cultural identity, which has the content of the truth, is in danger.

I want to believe that this is true of our own cultural identity and in most European countries if we do not deliver it instead of the lentil panel of economic prosperity.

I would love to hear your opinion on this important issue of our time on the occasion of Cultural Connection Week! .

From Monday, April 29th to Friday, May 3th, a cultural exchange is held here in the Coursera Community.

Our goal is to raise awareness of different cultures and traditions and to celebrate the incredible diversity that empowers us as a global community.

Tsiflikas Evaggelos

(I would like if you can take it into account because I did not go through the writing form)



Find out more about Cultural Connection Week and view other people’s posts about their cultures here.

5 replies

Userlevel 5
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Cordial Greetings @Ts. Evaggelos,

I read your publication from the first day you wrote it, I found your perspective very interesting, I think you relate and intertwine events, which in my view is very good and this generates ideas to deep thoughts about certain contexts.

Culture is a very broad topic, inside the forum i have observed several that have caught my attention, the post about india @yashika_d, I loved the presentation, the one from Nigeria, @Zannah Zakariya Goni I did not know the Kanuri tribe, and I found amazing the music 'ganga kura ', i saw one of Argentina @Fatamorgana where I read your reply, you took the delicacy to search for images, describe certain aspects of the city and we even you commented about restaurants, i find this outstanding, creating an atmosphere of global interaction.

Now in your publication I realize that your approach is aimed at -the consequences of so-called "globalization" for cultural particularities of peoples and so-called cultural "identities".

In my opinion this can be the title of an excellent thesis, or a subject to debate among philosophers , because i conceive that here we can reflect on the essence, causes and effects of the natural things of man.



There are sets, which have subsets and these contain elements, that is, the element is in the subset and therefore also it's in the set.

If the subset has many elements that are scattered, and those elements have the property of equivalence relation with the "closest" elements and elements with this property with others make a group, that by natural effects ( let's say survival ) exist within the subset, groups more larger than other.

-Large groups have a feature that through combinations, they can create new elements that belong to it and make the number of elements in the group grow.

-There are groups that expand in such a way that their elements are a scalar product of elements of other groups, thus making the containment of these median groups.

-Other small groups do a mapping with groups close to them and through an application that they connect to grow together.

And all these groups belonging to the subset, are within the set.

We can thus to affirm that the set, is a global set, because it contains the subset and thus for this reason all the groups that are inside this one.
Now if we take the Other small groups, we see that they make an application, it means that they are associated, for these sociable elements, there is a particularity within the path they make from one group to another, called identity, implying that with identity, they can remain on their same group.
Therefore, if we make a subgroup called cultural that only belong the elements with the identity application, it is clear that this cultural subgroup is within the global set, that for natural reasons or consequences of alteration, the cultural subgroups may or may not be affected by the changes made in the global set.


Interesting right!, perhaps in the 18th century, western Europe was a group that expands, making containment and a portion of a group called Greek, if we say that the Greek group is contained within the group in Europe, is clear that the group of Europe that contains the Greek group can make applications that modify certain aspects, however the Greek group is a proper subgroup of Europe , which means that it has the identity application and nobody can remove it or alter its essence.

In my point of view or as I analyze it, perhaps because of the innocence of ignoring certain factors that occur internally in each group, some causes have brought good effects. Thanks to globalization we can interact immediately with another person who is on the other side of the world, because we realize that we are in the same set, the image that you attached in the beginning is very allusive to this, we can socialize, share, make ask, do reflections, criticize and discuss with others, always knowing that we are in the same place and can learn to relate to each other, creating social elements and applications that contribute to that end.

The most obvious example that I can show you is where we're writing now, noting that two days ago was anniversary and is the Coursera Platform, thanks to the concepts of tradition that is to transmit knowledge from generation to generation in order to keep improving and innovation that through network access and enter your user to the platform you can find many things to learn, reflect, understand, share, express yourself and watch the opinions of others, noting that the community is one aspect historically defined and we evolved it, let me say in transmit ideas in a virtual way.

So in my humble opinion I can say that cultural identity is not endangered by globalization, on the contrary it has an advantage of associating with other groups, which is a natural part of being.

You know there was a very nice event during the Holy Week, on the day of the Eucharist, the Holy Pope of Argentina, generated harmony among the listeners when the word was read in different languages, there was a representative of Spanish, one of Israel, one of South Africa, one of China, and within the gregorian chants there was a wise Greek master and a wise Italian master, this is the ideal demonstration that we can all associate and want to be in peace and tranquility.

To finish, wanting to change one aspect of a thing for another, that is, wanting to transform something, no matter how tiny, it takes time, assimilation and dedication.

That is why I consider these spaces or events very good, which motivate us to make progress in this direction and keep growing at our own pace.


Thanks for your attention and for participate in the cultural connection week.


Regards,



Luis.
Userlevel 3
Badge +2
Thank you very much @Luis Gerardo Ayala B. for your answer,
Userlevel 3
Badge +2
Cordial Greetings @Ts. Evaggelos,

I read your publication from the first day you wrote it, I found your perspective very interesting, I think you relate and intertwine events, which in my view is very good and this generates ideas to deep thoughts about certain contexts.

Culture is a very broad topic, inside the forum i have observed several that have caught my attention, the post about india @yashika_d, I loved the presentation, the one from Nigeria, @Zannah Zakariya Goni I did not know the Kanuri tribe, and I found amazing the music 'ganga kura ', i saw one of Argentina @Fatamorgana where I read your reply, you took the delicacy to search for images, describe certain aspects of the city and we even you commented about restaurants, i find this outstanding, creating an atmosphere of global interaction.

Now in your publication I realize that your approach is aimed at -the consequences of so-called "globalization" for cultural particularities of peoples and so-called cultural "identities".

In my opinion this can be the title of an excellent thesis, or a subject to debate among philosophers , because i conceive that here we can reflect on the essence, causes and effects of the natural things of man.



There are sets, which have subsets and these contain elements, that is, the element is in the subset and therefore also it's in the set.

If the subset has many elements that are scattered, and those elements have the property of equivalence relation with the "closest" elements and elements with this property with others make a group, that by natural effects ( let's say survival ) exist within the subset, groups more larger than other.

-Large groups have a feature that through combinations, they can create new elements that belong to it and make the number of elements in the group grow.

-There are groups that expand in such a way that their elements are a scalar product of elements of other groups, thus making the containment of these median groups.

-Other small groups do a mapping with groups close to them and through an application that they connect to grow together.

And all these groups belonging to the subset, are within the set.

We can thus to affirm that the set, is a global set, because it contains the subset and thus for this reason all the groups that are inside this one.
Now if we take the Other small groups, we see that they make an application, it means that they are associated, for these sociable elements, there is a particularity within the path they make from one group to another, called identity, implying that with identity, they can remain on their same group.
Therefore, if we make a subgroup called cultural that only belong the elements with the identity application, it is clear that this cultural subgroup is within the global set, that for natural reasons or consequences of alteration, the cultural subgroups may or may not be affected by the changes made in the global set.


Interesting right!, perhaps in the 18th century, western Europe was a group that expands, making containment and a portion of a group called Greek, if we say that the Greek group is contained within the group in Europe, is clear that the group of Europe that contains the Greek group can make applications that modify certain aspects, however the Greek group is a proper subgroup of Europe , which means that it has the identity application and nobody can remove it or alter its essence.

In my point of view or as I analyze it, perhaps because of the innocence of ignoring certain factors that occur internally in each group, some causes have brought good effects. Thanks to globalization we can interact immediately with another person who is on the other side of the world, because we realize that we are in the same set, the image that you attached in the beginning is very allusive to this, we can socialize, share, make ask, do reflections, criticize and discuss with others, always knowing that we are in the same place and can learn to relate to each other, creating social elements and applications that contribute to that end.

The most obvious example that I can show you is where we're writing now, noting that two days ago was anniversary and is the Coursera Platform, thanks to the concepts of tradition that is to transmit knowledge from generation to generation in order to keep improving and innovation that through network access and enter your user to the platform you can find many things to learn, reflect, understand, share, express yourself and watch the opinions of others, noting that the community is one aspect historically defined and we evolved it, let me say in transmit ideas in a virtual way.

So in my humble opinion I can say that cultural identity is not endangered by globalization, on the contrary it has an advantage of associating with other groups, which is a natural part of being.

You know there was a very nice event during the Holy Week, on the day of the Eucharist, the Holy Pope of Argentina, generated harmony among the listeners when the word was read in different languages, there was a representative of Spanish, one of Israel, one of South Africa, one of China, and within the gregorian chants there was a wise Greek master and a wise Italian master, this is the ideal demonstration that we can all associate and want to be in peace and tranquility.

To finish, wanting to change one aspect of a thing for another, that is, wanting to transform something, no matter how tiny, it takes time, assimilation and dedication.

That is why I consider these spaces or events very good, which motivate us to make progress in this direction and keep growing at our own pace.


Thanks for your attention and for participate in the cultural connection week.


Regards,



Luis.

@Luis Gerardo Ayala B.,
I agree with your consideration, even though in the time we live we are partly part of globalization, but I hope that there will be no planning for the absorption of the cultural peculiarities of the peoples because we will then lose our history and customs and customs every people

-----------------------------------------------
From the innovations and depth of the ideas he introduced to Physics and from the deep reflection of these ideas in every direction of modern science, Albert Einstein deserves to be regarded as one of the greatest scientific spirits of all ages. Luis de Brond
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Hello @Ts. Evaggelos,


Throughout this event that has today as an end according to the calendar, i have learned a lot, i have reflected on the different cultures, now i know more people who are so far from me, that is impressive and i have seen so many conceptions on the culture topic, that in my opinion your post has a background even more than only traditions and customs.

Wanting to expressing my admiration of how you conceive many contexts in deductive form, i feel that you are a great thinker, the Greek philosophy can be divided between those philosophers who sought an explanation of the world in physical terms and those who emphasized the importance of immaterial forms or ideas, to my perspective you excel in those who emphasized the importance of immaterial forms or ideas.
Reading several documents on the network, i want to quote some words in which many authors agree, The Greek language communicates its prestige to everything it touches. That is why many educated, technical and scientific terms are formed on Greek roots, and within your article (considering it for its level of comprehension, analysis and subject to be treated) it can be directly evidenced the origin that you have from the Greek thinkers of past times, the culture is not only focused on the visual aspect, the way of interacting, writing and expressing are also part of this area.

That's why i feel very eulogized to read your structured thoughts and be able to reply, thanking you for your cordial response.


This can be a sample of the qualities of reasoning that you have and highlighting your capacity to achieve so many things that you propose with that intellect.

I send you a happy international cultural week end and also to all the participants and members of the Coursera Community, taking these experiences to keep improving and knowing that one way or another our ideas can strengthen communication and trust bonds.




My best affections,


Luis.
Userlevel 2
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Hi Evaggelos!
Though I have some objections on few points of our country features that you've presented rather subjectively or through the eyes of foreign media, I have to congrats you for your extended work and in some points detailed parts.
Bravo, great project!

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