Musical Instruments of your Country or Culture | Coursera Community
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Musical Instruments of your Country or Culture


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Music helps us to better define and understand a country or culture. Many musical instruments played are unusual, unique and beautiful sounding. There are as many varieties of instruments as cultures.
Recently, in the Indian Music thread, I shared a video of Ravi Shankar playing the sitar. @Halla just told us she learned how to play the Irish Bodhran. We have had many other community members share their instruments such as @Charjad1 who shared the gamelan with us, also, @Alberto from Perú who shared a cajon and @Zannah Zakariya Goni who shared the unusual wind instrument algaita with us.
@Bahamas2020 was just telling me how beautiful the oud from his country is.
It is fascinating to learn about world instruments and their cultures.

It would be so wonderful if you could share a video or photo of an instrument from your culture or country, and please tell us about it too.
I am looking forward to learning about some of these most beautiful instruments.

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Although American by birth, much of my heritage is Irish, so I wanted to take a moment to tell you about the Irish Bodhran. It is a frame drum, which means that its skin head is wider than the drum is deep. Generally, they are about 18 inches across and 4-6 inches deep (about 45 cm by 10-15 cm for you metric folk). It is often used in Irish traditional music.

It has been billed as the quintessential Irish instrument, but it in fact was little known until the 1960s and appears not to have come into common use until the '70s. You can read a bit about its controversial history in the following article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodhr%C3%A1n

The bodhran is that is is played with a double-headed drumstick called a tipper, whose use allows a number of sounds to be produced. Pitch and timber are controlled with the non-striking hand against the inside back of the head, as you can see this gentleman doing in the video below.

Some years back, I learned to play the bodhran a bit, although I certainly never got this good. It is a great deal of fun to try and improved my sense of rhythm greatly.

What sorts of hand drums do they have in your part of the world?

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Another thing I at that time learned to play is the Rhythm Bones, literally often a pair of cow bones that you clack together in a rhythmic pattern. The set I had was smoothed and polished bone, a friend of mine has a set that are much rougher and more primitive. They are also often made out of wood, and i believe the American tradition of playing the spoons derives from the same idea. They are often used in Irish and Scottish traditional music, however, I doubt that they originated there. I suspect they are of ancient origin, though I have not done the research to prove it.
The gent in the video below is amazing!
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Dear Halla;

ihave so much to live withe yes ijust would to share you an other how nice
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Hi @Bahamas2020 For what sort of occasion would such music and dance be performed in your culture? For example, the Bodhran and bones I shared above are typically used in music known as Jigs and Reels, both of which are a type of dance that one would do at a celebration of some sort.
Halla
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Dear Halla:

this music culture is folk for my country in the region happen different culture

Best wish
Lahcene
@Halla , how wonderful that you can play the Bones!
Many years ago we saw the Chocolate Drops and witnessed the most amazing duel between their 2 amazing Bones musicians:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S4OwfTct7dc
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Hi All;

iam very happy to read you again very nice in south Algeria ihave something to share iam sure you will pleased
@Bahamas2020 , I enjoyed listening to this.Can you tell us the names of the musical instruments used? The oud? And does the drum have a name? I never saw such beautiful camels too!
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Another thing I at that time learned to play is the Rhythm Bones, literally often a pair of cow bones that you clack together in a rhythmic pattern. The set I had was smoothed and polished bone, a friend of mine has a set that are much rougher and more primitive. They are also often made out of wood, and i believe the American tradition of playing the spoons derives from the same idea. They are often used in Irish and Scottish traditional music, however, I doubt that they originated there. I suspect they are of ancient origin, though I have not done the research to prove it.
The gent in the video below is amazing!


That video was amazing! I watched with a huge smile on my face! Thank you for sharing your knowledge with us, @Halla!
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Dear Judith :

how nice to find you very happy by seeing this video and listen to this instrument el oud below this is some story about it iwish you agreat moment

The oud, instrument of the world
By Paola Genone,
published on 09/03/2006 at 00:00, updated on 20/02/2013 at 18:33

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Born 1,500 years ago, it has crossed the ages and resonates its infinite range on all continents. Tunisian soloist Anouar Brahem tells his story.
Its name comes from Arabic al'ud (wood) and has gradually transformed into oud, laúd, liuto and lute. This instrument, born in Persia in 500 AD, crossed the continents, radiating in the Arab-Andalusian emirates, the imperial palaces of Asia, the courts of Italy and France. But, in the 18th century, replaced by
instruments with more powerful sound, the oud loses its supremacy and falls into oblivion.

In recent years, it has resurfaced and is generating enthusiasm for musicians of all styles and countries. It is found in rock and song (Sting, Peter Gabriel, Jean-Jacques Goldman, Serge Teyssot-Gay, Black Desire, or Robert Plant, former Led Zeppelin), rai (Cheb Khaled) and Cuban music . His strings resonate under the fingers of flamenco masters (Paco de Lucia), the Chinese virtuoso Wu Man or under the baton of Jordi Savall and Christoph Eschenbach. And in Bahia, where the conquistadors created cavaquinho, says the "lute of samba".

The Tunisian Anouar Brahem is undoubtedly the most emblematic figure of this return to the golden age of the oud. This 44-year-old maestro, born from Islamic and Western scholarly music, not only raised the oud to the rank of soloist in the Arab world, where he was relegated to accompanying singing, but he also explored it ethnologist, his career. Sahar's Voyage, his new trio record (oud, piano, accordion), is a magnificent tribute, in jazz sounds, to the usic that made this instrument vibrate and that Brahem tells the journey.

Middle East
"With its four doubled strings, played with an eagle feather, the oud inspired the Caliph Haroun el-Rachid, who in the ninth century, made the instrument king of the Muslim world. -Isfahani recounts, in his Book of Songs, that in all the palaces of Baghdad, one could see the musicians of oud accompany sung poems, the osmosis between the oud and the poetry were born the vertiginous rhythms of the Arabic music: this instrument imitated with a sigh of sigh the metrical verses sung.On his strings, the musician-philosopher Al-Farabi had theorized the practice of the modes: more than 300 ranges having the power to provoke, with the listener, laughter, tears, sighs or states of meditation Ten centuries later, Cheb Khaled reproduces the same effects.The oud has often accompanied the raï and Khaled, who has been playing since childhood, has always been fascinated by the legend of Zyriab, a great musician from the Baghdad court, hunted by his master, jealous of his dexterity, went to Andalusia. Thus the oud, passing through the Strait of Gibraltar, penetrated to Cordova. "
Spain
"Zyriab founds an oud school in Spain and enriches its sound by adding a fifth string, Andalusia becomes the new capital of Arabic music, but at the fall of Granada, in 1492, the oud is banned from The luthiers then find a stratagem to make the instrument live: they modify one of its curves and baptize it "vihuela" or Spanish guitar.The latter is at the origin of flamenco, born from the syncretism between the music of the Arabs and Spaniards, but also Gypsies, who, from India, arrive in Andalusia in 1438. We still see today in Madrid, Gypsies playing flamenco on the laúd, an instrument that lies between the guitar and the oud The great Paco de Lucia and the virtuoso Luis Delgado often use it, because, in the flamenco singing, the cante jondo, there are traces of this infinity of tones existing between the notes that the oud highlights, but that the guitar can not reproduce. "

Asia
"From Persia the oud arrives in Asia following the road of silk.In 700 AD, we find, in China and Japan, two lutes identical to the oud.These instruments - the pipa and the biwa - played in the palaces, accompany the songs of the epics, with their glissandos and bow-strokes, the musicians restore the echo of the battles: we hear the arrows striking, the groans of the wounded, sabers clashing. Still practiced today by musicians faithful to the tradition, these instruments are also interesting artists, who renew their repertoire.It is the case of Wu Man, Chinese virtuoso pipa, who performs at the Metropolitan Opera, New York, as at the Opera Bastille, directed by Christoph Eschenbach - she electrified the instrument, or that of the Japanese composer Masahiko Satoh, who confronted the biwa with jazz improvisations. "

Italy-France
"The oud was introduced in France, during the Crusades, thanks to the troubadours.The Song of Roland, in the eleventh century, was even played on an Arabic lute by trouvères.De 1200, it is introduced in Italy: a painting of the The thirteenth century Palatine chapel in Palermo represents angels playing the oud In the Middle Ages, it becomes the symbol of Western musical innovation and gives birth to instrumental polyphony during the Renaissance and the Baroque Age each sovereign has his own lutewriters: Francesco Canova in Italy and Ennemond Gaultier in France, who will teach it to the whole court from Marie de Medici to Richelieu.Teaching to touch the lute is now part of the education of the nobless

Best Wish
Lahcene

@Bahamas2020 thank you for all of this information about the oud. Can you play it? It sounds beautiful.
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Hi Judith:

yes ican ihave one at home sometimes when iam free iplay idon't know much abit what knew in the past oriental

Best wish,
Lahcene
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Wonderful topic @Judith,
I have observed the contributions of each one and it is great what the culture and the love for it makes you like to share it.

@Bahamas2020 really interesting, very appreciated and its nice to know the procedence, awesome that you try to play this instrument, regards.
@Bahamas2020 Did this information come from Wikipedia or another site? You should really credit that
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Wanting to be a participant and, let's say, give back those ancestral roots, I edited a video of a musical band in my Sabanera region for my joy of still preserving that tradition in me.


Song:
Happy Land / Mi Campo Alegre - Los Gaiteros de San Jacinto, Personal edition.


Cheers and my best affections to the community.

I hope keep grow this space and share your culture with the music that is mean of harmony, peace and happyness.
@Luis Gerardo Ayala B. this is truly "happy" music! I enjoyed it so much. I am fascinated by flute type folk instruments. Can you tell us more about the kinds of flutes they were playing? I couldn't get a good look at them, but they seemed to be attached to a long tube. It is so important to preserve your ancestral roots, to preserve and appreciate the music.
For many years I have been fascinated by Native American Flute music. I own a few different such flutes and enjoy playing them for relaxation. Because of the way they are tuned , everything you play sounds fabulous. The master of this instrument is: Carlos Nakai who is Navajo-Ute.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_RoAZt0cH4
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Thanks @Judith, I know you put a lot of kind into your words and its nice to share spaces of cultural interaction and healthy coexistence.


La Gaita


The Colombian Gaita or Kuisi is an aerophone musical instrument of the Colombian Caribbean Coast of indigenous origin.
Its a kind of flute built from the heart of the cardon, with a formation of beeswax and coal dust at one of its ends where a groove is made and a cylindrical appendix is ​​inserted, usually the base of a duck feather , as a channel and nozzle, respectively, with between 3 and 6 holes in the lower part of the body.

Used in different musical rhythms encompassed in the name "Gaita music": instrumental gaita, porro, cumbia, merengue, puya , among others.


The set of Gaitas was one of the main instrumental combinations empicated to accompany the dance on the Atlantic coast of Colombia. In the past, can supose there was a set of gaitas almost in every rural town.

The American aboriginal contribution is therefore the trio of instruments, that is, the pair of female and male flutes and the maraca, incorporated as a whole to the bagpipes(gaita) of the Spanish-speaking villages of the valleys. Assuming that the instruments became larger to balance them properly with the drums.


According to a folkloric custom of the region, the habitants of this part of the Colombian coast identify the major drum with the Afro-descendant and the bagpipe with the Indian.


Regards.
@Luis Gerardo Ayala B. , this is so interesting! Thank you so much for this information about the set of Gaitas. It says there is a male and female one, what are the differences? Are they always played together?
It is a pleasure to hear from you and learn from you again.
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Given the Historians, these flutes were and are used by the indigenous Chibcha-speaking societies of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, this instrument because of its link with the communities, perhaps there were other origins or they were scattered in the different tribes in the Caribbean coast.

Highlighting the origin of the natives: Kogui,
They call the pair of male and female flutes.
Kuisi abundji (female bagpipe) and azigi (male bagpipe) flutes with maraca.


The female has five digit holes and the male has one/two.
The first one is played with both hands and the second one is played with one, while in the other it play the maraca.
So i can say that almost play it together with the maraca, and in occations with a box or a double patch drum.
At that time the instruments usually be used especially in ceremonial contexts.

This information exist before i was born, and thanks to the internet im able to share, also learn with you @Judith and the community by searching this topics.
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I hope that in our Coursera community we can meet many more cultures associated with music, i sent you greetings from a distance and inviting the participation to others, it would be awesome for sure.

Cheers!
@Luis Gerardo Ayala B. , I too hope to learn about more cultures through their music.
I am so fascinated by these flutes, that they are meant to be played together, and the male will have a free hand to play the maracas.
Why are they called “bagpipes”? I didn’t see any bags attached to them the way bagpipes have. Have you ever seen these played in a performance or ceremony? Thanks.
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Haha @Judith that's sweet, you look like a scout girl 🎖🎼.
I have done more replies than in a whole week and its a pleasure.
"Bagpipes", is the translation from Spanish to English, assuming the bag, by traditional dress, look at the image above, the two musicians have it on.

Yes, I have seen them live and it is a very Sabanero and harmonious environment, I attached a video where they are in your beloved country doing a tour 7 years ago.

Los Gaiteros de San Jacinto Live at Kennedy Center - DC.

Always to serve and with the best encouragement to answer you.
@Luis Gerardo Ayala B. , this video is fantastic! It shows such good closeups of the instruments. It is such lively music. I felt like dancing all around the house when I heard it.

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